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Freedom of Association: Resources

Essential Principles

"A Short History of American Labor." American Federationist (March 1981).

Human Rights Watch. Unfair Advantage: Workers' Freedom of Association in the United States Under International Human Rights Standards. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2000.

Human Rights Web. "A Summary of United Nations Agreements on Human Rights," 1997.

International Labour Organization home page. See also fundamental conventions and ratifications at

Solidarity Center.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America, 1835.


Bethell, Leslie, ed. The Cambridge History of Latin America. Volume IV, c. 1870 to 1930. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Frank, Volker K. "The Labor Movement in Democratic Chile, 1990–2000." Working paper #298, June 2002.

Hudson, Rex A., ed. Chile: A Country Study. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, 1994.

U.S. Department of Labor. Labor Rights Report: Chile. Washington, DC: Department of Labor, July 2003.


Amnesty International. "Jordan: Right to Freedom of Expression and Association Denied." News release, November 11, 2002.

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. "Jordan." In Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of State, 2007.

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed. Jordan: A Country Study. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, 1989.

Parks, James. "Why are Workers' Rights in Jordan Important?" AFL-CIO Now Blog, February 25, 2006.


AFL-CIO, U.S. Representative Benjamin L. Cardin, U.S. Representative Christopher H. Smith. Section 301 Petition Before the Office of the United States Trade Representative. Submitted June 8, 2006.

Blanchette, Jude. "Key Issue for China's New Labor Law: Enforcement." Christian Science Monitor, July 2, 2007.

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. Internationally Recognized Core Labour Standards in the People's Republic of China. Report for the WTO General Council Review of the Trade Policies of the People's Republic of China. Geneva, Switzerland, April 4 and 6, 2006.

"National People's Congress Approves New Labour Contract Law." China Labour Bulletin, June 29, 2007. See also China Labour Bulletin's main page,

Perry, Elizabeth J. Shanghai on Strike: The Politics of Chinese Labor. Stanford, CT: Stanford University Press, 1993. See especially chapters 3–6.

Pringle, Tim. "Industrial Unrest in China—A Labour Movement in the Making?" China Labour Bulletin, January 31, 2002.

Sensor, Robert A. "Growing Worker Activism Pushes Envelope in China; Worker Protests Spread, Despite Repression and 'Official Unions.'" American Educator (Winter 2002).