Freedom of Expression: Resources


Essential Principles

The Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy, Yale Law School. 

Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute. “Supreme Court Collection: Freedom of Speech.”
     [See links to cases cited in History section.]

Economist magazine. See, e.g.:
     Editorial: “Cartoon Wars: Free Speech Overrides Religious Sensitivities.” February 11, 2006.
     Special Report: Mutual Incomprehension, Mutual Outrage. February 11, 2006.

Havel, Vaclav. The Power of the Powerless M.E. Sharpe: Armonk, NY, 1979. (Etext.)

Koven, Ronald. “The Meddler’s Itch.”Uncaptive Minds, no. 23 (1993). Ronald Koven, In Memoriam.

John Milton. “Areopagitica: A speech for the liberty of unlicensed pr inting to the parliament of England.” (Etext.)

Rushdie, Salman, “How a Fatwah Changed a Writer’s Life,” New Yorker, September 17, 2012.
     See also Vanity Fair: “How Salman Rushdie Survived theSatanic Verses Fatwah.” April 14, 2014.

Scammel, Michael. “The CIA’s Zhivago.”New York Review of Books. July 10, 2014.

Web Site Resources of Free Expression Organizations
     Article XIX (home page).
     Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
     Freedom House (home page). Freedom of the Press Report: 2016. Freedom on the Net Report: 2016.
Human Rights Web (home page and "Summary of United Nations Agreements on Human Rights").
     International Federation of Journalists (link).
     International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX): A web exchange of 80 free speech organizations.
     Reporters Without Borders: 2015 Annual Report.


Ali, Ayaan Hirsi. "Faced with Radical Islam, Europe Is in Danger of Decay," AEI, November 2006.

Bakker, Piet. "Dutch Media." University of Amsterdam: March 2005.

Freedom House: Freedom of the Press Report: 2016: Netherlands.

Open Society Foundations: “Mapping Digital Media” (January 2012).

“Netherlands Passes First Net Neutrality Legislation,” Free Speech Debate web site, July 12, 2012.

“The Dutch Revolution in Journalism,” Blendle.


Economist magazine. Topics Index: Uganda.
The New York Times: Times Topics: Uganda.

Amnesty International. Uganda Human Rights Page.

BBC: “Would Uganda's Museveni Recognise His Former Self?,” May 7, 2011.

Daily Monitor, Uganda’s largest independent newspaper (home page). 

East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (EHAHRDP): Uganda Country Profile (link).

Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (Uganda) (link).

Freedom House: Freedom of the Press 2016: Uganda.

Human Rights Watch: 2016 World Report: Uganda.

The New York Review of Books.
     “Murder in Uganda” by Helen Epstein. April 3, 2014.
     “Uganda: The General Challenges the Dictator,” by Helen Epstein, April 24, 2014.


Economist magazine. Topics Index: China.See, e.g.:
     “Everybody Who Loves Mr Xi, Say Yes,” November 16, 2013.
     “China and the Internet: A Giant Cage,” Special Report. April 6, 2013.
     “Inequality in China: To Each, Not According to His Needs.” December 15, 2012.
     “Szeto Wah: Goodbye to A Chinese Patriot.” January 3, 2011.

The New York Times: Times Topics: China. See, e.g.:
     “Xi Xinping’s News Alert: Journalists Must Serve Party. February 22, 2016.
     "Fearing Beijing’s Reach After Disappearances.” January 7, 2016.
     "Crowds Gather in Hong Kong for Anniversary of Tiananmen Crackdown,” June 4, 2014.
“Thousands in Hong Kong Support Wounded Editor.” March 3, 2014.
     “Bloomberg News Is Said To Curb Articles That Might Anger China.” November 9, 2013.
     “Busting China’s Bloggers,” OpEd. October 16, 2013.
     “Jailed Chinese Rights Advocate Speaks Out in Video,” August 8, 2013 (video link).
     “Billions in Hidden Riches for Family of Chinese Leader,” October 12, 2012.
     “Tibetan Self-Immolations Rise as China Tightens Grip. March 22, 2012.

Binyan, Liu. “Living in Truth.” The New York Review of Books, July 17, 1997 (on Wei Jingsheng).

Jingsheng, Wei. “The Fifth Modernization” (PDF version). East Asia Institute of Columbia University.

Johnson, Ian. “Worse Than You Ever Imagined,” The New York Review of Books, November 22, 2012
     (A review of five books on the Great Leap Forward and famine of 1958-61.)

Link, Perry. “Party Like It’s 1989.” Foreign Policy. June 4, 2012.

Link, Perry and Nathan, Andrew, Editors. The Tiananmen Papers. Public Affairs: 2001.

Mirsky, Jonathan. “How Reds Smashed Reds,” The New York Review of Books. November 11, 2010.
     (A review of books on the Cultural Revolution.)

Nathan, Andrew. “Authoritarian Impermanence.” Journal of Democracy.Volume 20, Number 3. July 2009.

Selected Web Sites
Charter ’08 (home page).
Charter ’08 Manifesto, translated by P. Link, The New York Review of Books, January 15, 2009.
    Liu Xiaobo, “I Have No Enemies.” Acceptance speech made in absentia for 2010 Nobel Peace Prize.
    Liu Xiaobo: Freedom Now campaign site.

Freedom House
     China Media Bulletin (link).
     Freedom of the Press 2016: China.
Throttling Dissent: China's New Leaders Refine Internet Control: Special Report." 2013.
Speak No Evil: Mass Media Control in Contemporary China," Freedom at Issue Report. 2006.

Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China (home page).
Human Rights Campaign in China (web page).
Human Rights Watch. 2016 World Report: China and China and Tibet Page.
Laogai Museum, Washington, D.C. (link) and Laogai Research Foundation (link).

Recommended Films
“Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry.” A documentary on “artistic practice and social activism as seen by China's preeminent artist” (Home Page).
“The Blue Kite,” a film by Zhuangzhuang Tian on the Cultural Revolution.
“The Gate of Heavenly Peace.” A documentary on the Tiananmen Square Protests by Frontline (PBS: 1998). See home website.
“The Big Parade,” a 1978 documentary on the annual military demonstration in Tiananmen Square. Directed by Zhang Yimou.