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Freedom of Religion: Resources

Essential Principles

Bureau of International Information Programs. "Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom." In Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of State, n.d. http://usinfo.state.gov/infousa/government/overview/42.html.

Hudson Institute's Center for Religious Freedom. http://crf.hudson.org.

Office of International Religious Freedom, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. State Department. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/irf.

Religious Freedom Page. "Court Decisions." Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia, 2001. http://religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu/court. See the main site of the Religious Freedom Page at http://religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu.

Roosevelt, Franklin D. "The Four Freedoms." Speech before U.S. Congress, January 6, 1941. http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/fdrthefourfreedoms.htm. See also American Rhetoric home page at http://www.americanrhetoric.com/newtop100speeches.htm.

UN General Assembly. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Adopted December 16, 1966. Entered into force March 23, 1976. http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/b3ccpr.htm.

Vermeulen, Ben. "The Historical Development of Religious Freedom." Lecture, conference of the International Coalition for Religious Freedom. Washington, DC, April 17–19, 1998. http://www.religiousfreedom.com/Conference/Dc/vermeulen.htm.

United States

Abington v. Schempp, 347 U.S. 203 (1963). Case on school prayer. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=374&invol=203.

International Coalition for Religious Freedom. http://www.religiousfreedom.com. See "Religious Freedom in the United States of America," in Religious Freedom World Report, 2004.

Kraft, Emilie. "Ten Commandments Monument Controversy." Encyclopedia of Alabama, May 12, 2008. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1525.

Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971). Case on state funding for nonpublic schools.

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=403&invol=602.

Library of Congress. "Religion and the Founding of the American Republic." http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/religion.html.

Moore v. Glassroth, 335 F.3d 1282 (11th cir. 2003). Case involving the chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court and a monument in the Alabama judicial building.

http://www.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/ops/200315005.pdf.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. "How Religion in the United States Avails Itself of Democratic Tendencies." Chapter 5 in Democracy in America, volume II, 1835. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/detoc/ch1_05.htm.

U.S. Constitution, Article VI. http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/constitution_transcript.html.

U.S. Constitution, First Amendment. http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html.

Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, 536 U.S. 639 (2002). Case on legality of funding for students' school choice regardless of religious affiliation.

http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/00-1751/00-1751.mer.ami.usa.pdf.

Nigeria

Human Rights Watch. Revenge in the Name of Religion: The Cycle of Violence in Plateau and Kano States. New York: Human Rights Watch, May 2005. http://hrw.org/reports/2005/nigeria0505.

Ibrahim, Hauwa, and Princeton N. Lyman. Reflections on the New Shari'a Law in Nigeria. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, June 2004. http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Reflections_on_the_New_Sharia_in_Nigeria.pdf.

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed. Nigeria: A Country Study. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, 1991. http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/ngtoc.html.

Peters, Ruud, and Maarten Barends. The Reintroduction of Islamic Criminal Law in Northern Nigeria: A Study Conducted on Behalf of the European Commission. Lagos: September 2001. http://ec.europa.eu/comm/europeaid/projects/eidhr/pdf/islamic-criminal-law-nigeria_en.pdf.

Vietnam

Amor, Abdelfattah, Special Rapporteur. Civil and Political Rights, Including the Question of Religious Intolerance: Visit to Viet Nam. Geneva: UN Commission on Human Rights, December 29, 1998. http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/TestFrame/585d3bc75523f9068025673800425c16?Opendocument.

Cima, Ronald J., ed. Vietnam: A Country Study. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, 1987. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/vntoc.html.

Federal Research Division. Country Profile: Vietnam. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, December 2005. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Vietnam.pdf.

Human Rights Watch. Vietnam: The Silencing of Dissent. New York: Human Rights Watch, May 2000. http://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/vietnam.